Moreover, the maximum EISC and its isostatic footprint had a profound impact on the proglacial hydrological network, forming the and drained the present day Vistula, Elbe, Rhine and Thames rivers through the Seine Estuary. 14.6 ka BP, two major proglacial lakes formed in the Baltic and White seas, buffering meltwater pulses from eastern Fennoscandia through to the Younger Dryas when these massive proglacial freshwater lakes flooded into the North Atlantic Ocean.Deglaciation temporarily abated during the Younger Dryas stadial at 12.9 ka BP, when remnant ice across Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Novaya Zemlya, Fennoscandia and Scotland experienced a short-lived but dynamic re-advance.
For all these reasons increased sophistication with respect to assumptions about equilibrium in landscapes in space and over time is required.
La succession des différents épisodes climatiques, phases humides ou phases arides – et leurs interactions complexes –, est précisée.
Ces faits climatiques sont mis en parallèle avec l’évolution archéologique et historique des différentes phases culturelles.
The pollen concentrates C dating can avoid the reservoir effect, which is an ideal method for studying the reworking effect.
In this study, we used the pollen concentrates as dating materials and dated five Holocene sections in the Zhuye Lake Basin.